Promote water, sanitation & hygiene and disaster management in at-risk border communities of Afghanistan and Tajikistan


Khailaikhumb, Tajikistan & Nusai, Afghanistan are suffering from a lack of clean water and of adequate hygienic sanitation facilities, perpetuating the prevalence of poverty and vulnerability in the area. Currently, there is an absence of piped water systems, so many depend on open mountain streams, ponds, and hand- dug ditches, all of which are also used for livestock watering and disposal of waste water. In addition, there is an absence of sanitation facilities and open defecation is the norm. 

Geographically, both  project areas are prone to natural hazards. There are regular occurrences of hazards such as avalanches, mud flows and floods. The lack of knowledge, instruments and materials to apply sufficient mitigation measures against these hazards is hindering the livelihoods and resilience of the communities.


This project aims to reduce people’s vulnerability to disease and natural hazards by improving the living conditions of at-risk remote rural communities in the border regions of Afghanistan and Tajikistan through the provision of clean drinking water, adequate sanitation facilities, improvement of local hygiene practices, and implementation of Community Based Disaster Risk Reduction measures.

Project action

Together with the local community and partners, the project will construct water systems, ventilated improved pits and bio-latrines. The communities will also receive inclusive, participatory training on hygiene practices. In addition to the work on hygiene, the project will implement a number of Disaster Risk Reduction measures. 

The project will facilitate and encourage cross-border information sharing and exchange of knowledge through meetings and visits between the Tajik and Afghan communities. The project will also conduct a study to better understand the needs of future cross-border livelihoods interventions, to better inform future projects in the area.

1 Construct water systems
•    Identify water sources
•    Select water user groups (1 per village)
•    Prepare and sign MoUs with governments
•    Update project design and budget plan
•    Procure project materials
•    Construction work, with community involvement
2. Construction of VIP and Bio-latrines
•    Select locations
•    Selection of maintainers (2-3 per village)
•    Prepare and sign MoUs with governments
•    Update project design and budget plan
•    Procure project materials
•    Construction work, with community involvement
•    Training of maintainers
3. Inclusive, participatory training on hygiene practices
•    Select community representatives for training team
•    Produce BCC materials: CHAST & PHAST materials in Tajik and Dari
•    Test pilot with use of material for several different age and gender groups
•    Train the community hygiene promoters and WUG members
•    Conduct promotion sessions with pre- and post-KAP surveys & analyse collected data
•    Distribute hygiene kits 
4. Implement DRR measures
•    Implement ME’s CB-DRR approach in Afghanistan: 
o    participatory CRAT analysis
o    form VDMBs and VRGs
o    guide boards and groups to make a VDMP 
o    train boards and groups on their roles 
o    inclusive first aid trainings
•    For Tajikistan: 
o    update plans and refresh existing boards
•    In both countries, as part of CB-DRR approach: 
o    organise public campaigns
o    produce/ or adjust material for children/ youth
o    small and medium-scale structural mitigation measures are put in place to protect communities.
o    train communities and officials on national legislation, policy and procedures 
•    Additional elements:
o    retrofit public facilities to be earthquake resistant (2 buildings in AFG)
o    train government officials on DRR & DRM work in communities
o    introduce government to the VDMBs and the VRGs
o    lobby for set-up of regular district level meetings 
o    train 1 Afghan and 1 Tajik search and rescue team
•    Training all staff and other external actors to work with pre- and post-KAP survey methodologies  
5. Cross-border visits: meetings and exchange of knowledge 
Organise exchange visits and joint WASH and DRR activities for project stakeholders, including for a significant number of Afghan and Tajik community volunteers – such as WUG members, maintainers, and hygiene promoters:
•    Visits will be focussed on the themes of WASH and DRR with seminars and participatory workshop
•    Visits will foster active cooperation through joint evacuation drills and WASH maintenance activities
•    Informal meeting, dialogue and exchange will be encouraged by having participants stay with local families during their exchange visits.
6. Conduct study for future cross-border livelihoods intervention
•    Select qualified consultant 
•    Have consultant visit the region twice
•    Coordinate study
•    Select recommendations for future projects

Project details

PATRIP Foundation

38.861034, 71.276093